Do you know that PHP and Java are among the top 10 programming giants, and choosing one as the best is a complicated decision? Developers’ preference of a language is based on its compatibility with the system and project goals. Let’s explore the merits and demerits of both in detail to decide which one is a better option for web development.
In this digital era, where machines and computers have taken over human labor, learning programming languages to drive these computers has become crucial and prolific. A programming language acts as an intermediary between humans and computers and helps create codes that direct computers to behave in a certain way and carry out particular tasks. Programming skills are the top in-demand skills in the modern market, with an average salary of around $100K per annum. As the market is copious with various programming languages, choosing the best is a bit challenging, especially for people who aren’t tech-savvy. No programming language is poor; it’s just that they are more or less suitable for particular tasks.
Java vs. PHP
Be it known that Java and PHP both are titans in the community of programming languages and are used worldwide. According to Statista, as of 2021, Java has been ranked as the top programming language worldwide, whereas PHP is 11th. However, it does not deny that PHP is one of the popular programming languages and is preferred by developers for various tasks. Let’s delve deeper into the ultimate battle between Java and PHP in web development.
Structure of Programming Language
Java is a compiled programming language. Programmers write a source code shared on a Java Virtual Machines (JVM) that compiles it into a binary language and makes it compatible with the operating system. On the other hand, PHP is an interpreted language. The code written by developers is processed to an interpreter that translates it into machine language and executes the program smoothly.
Java and PHP both are object-oriented as well as open-source. Java is a client-side programming language that is widely used for developing enterprise-level web apps. However, PHP is an efficient server-side, open-source coding tool primarily employed to build responsive portals. PHP was designed principally to build dynamic sites and web applications. On the contrary, Java is a general-purpose programming language. Although it serves the purpose of web development, its code can only be used once in systems where JVM is already installed.
The programming codes often need alteration or upgrading, which becomes intricate with Java. The web development cost with PHP is cheaper as it allows the use of any code without paying for it and has simpler processing. However, Java requires proper purchased licensing. PHP is best suited for small applications, whereas Java is the best choice for larger web applications. Due to its open-source structure, PHP can be easily used across all operating systems, including Linux, macOS, MS windows, etc. On the contrary, Java operates only with systems that have JVM installed.
Cost-Effectiveness and Speed
Time is a rare commodity. Tech giants spend as much on time efficiency as on quality processing. Development in PHP is time-efficient and cost-effective as Java needs a compiler twice during the process. PHP makes it simpler and cheaper to edit programming codes through interpretation. However, cost-effectiveness or speed is not the only factor to consider since Java still takes the lead in many ways. Many enterprise-level tasks are still preferred to be done using Java for quality output. Also, Java is quicker in developing enterprise applications. It can process multiple instructions simultaneously and quickly using certain threads. It has the best-developed multithreading solutions so far. In contrast, PHP affects memory consumption during software development and reduces its efficiency. It doesn’t ideally support concurrency in web development.
With a tremendous increase in the mobile market, the demand for mobile apps is also skyrocketing. In turn, the popularity of Java has increased substantially. Since PHP requires unique frameworks to develop mobile apps and is comparatively costly, Java takes the lead.
Java app needs additional time after launching to become fully functional. However, PHP speed stays stable throughout the process.
Libraries and Frameworks
Libraries in programming languages are a collection of prewritten codes, procedures, scripts, classes, configuration data, etc., which developers can use to optimize tasks effectively. Such libraries and frameworks are one of the main reasons people resort to particular languages. They are used to carry out similar tasks multiple times, within the same project. PHP and Java both have rich, power-packed libraries and frameworks. However, Java still soars above PHP. Java has a richer set of third-party Application Programming Interfaces (API), making it best suited for intricate enterprise-level systems. It enables integration with many other third-party platforms. Java also has a variety of excellent debugging tools that are critical during coding. Each of these tools offers unique features and increases the productivity of Java developers. For instance, its Spring framework is easy for small development teams to work collaboratively in an organized manner without any technical conflict. Major enterprises using Java include Amazon, Aliexpress, Linkedin, Uber, Google, Netflix, Instagram, etc.
PHP also offers a wide range of frameworks that increases the efficiency of developing dynamic web pages. According to w3Tech’s research, it is used as a server-side language by almost 80% of websites. As PHP doesn’t require any special environment like JVM, that’s where it gains a competitive edge over Java. Its Write Once, Run Anywhere (WORA) approach makes it an efficient and preferred choice for cross-platform processing. Several huge websites use PHP for back-end development, i.e. Facebook, Yahoo, Wikipedia, Tumblr, Slack, WordPress, Etsy, and Flickr are to name a few.
However, as PHP is designed particularly for back-end development, it’s not suitable to be employed for front-end development. Java frameworks are comparatively well-documented and easier to install.
Security of a project/code is of foremost importance in the modern era than ever before. Pandemic has given rise to horrible cybercrimes, which demand robust security systems in development. Java is widely considered to be the most secure programming language by the top developers. With every new version, Java brings even better security features to give high-end protection to applications. Java functions with a Byte-code verifier that runs inside the virtual machine. This Byte-code checks the code fragments for illegal codes that may violate access. Java’s structure doesn’t support explicit pointer. It provides special security APIs that ensure network security through encryptions and other methods.
Its security features are much advanced and built-in and do not require any third-party plugin or support. PHP, on the other hand, requires external frameworks to enhance security features due to the lack of built-in security. External frameworks require additional investment, which makes it difficult for programmers to prefer PHP over Java. At the same time, Java may not be an ideal choice for low-level programming since it may not allow some functions due to security criteria. Therefore, it is one of the significant reasons why apps developed using PHP allow share hosting. However, Java-based apps have dedicated hosting. Library level safety, run time security check, and no concept of pointers are some excellent features that enhance cyber security. In a nutshell, Java is soaring above all other programming languages regarding its robust security systems.
Developers always prefer to use a programming language with more straightforward syntax. However, both PHP and Java have a competitive edge over the other web development languages due to their easy-to-learn syntax. The preference varies from one developer to another based on their experience. The discussion is open, and everyone has their argument. Some recommend Java due to its easier and English-like syntax. However, when it comes to easier library functions, PHP takes the lead. <
Which Language Has A Broader Scope?
In a nutshell, we can conclude that both PHP and Java have specific benefits, and preferring one over another depends solely on the tasks ahead. Developers opt for one of these depending on their suitability for the tasks being carried out. In a broader sense, Java is widely used for enterprise-level development; however, PHP can be used on a comparatively smaller level primarily due to its security, libraries, and framework confinements. Nonetheless, it still is one of the most popular languages worldwide. If you don’t want to pay for the license and enjoy a well-structured programming language, go ahead with PHP. Java still is one step ahead in many ways, as mentioned earlier.
Suppose you can’t manage the web development part yourself due to lack of time. No need to worry about it! Outsourcing4work is one of the leading IT companies worldwide to partner with for proficient developers. Our future-oriented approach and Remote Guru model are ideally in accord with modern consumer needs. Visit our website and check our IT services. You are welcome to grab a free initial consultation to explore our services and delve deeper into the latest web development trends. Make it your strength and compete with the world in a better way.
Are you looking for a software developer? India could be the solution with its booming Outsourcing sector. IT Outsourcing to offshore providers is becoming more and more popular, and not only for cost reasons.
Another factor, which is just as strong, is the chronic skills shortage for software developers. India, in comparison to Germany or other industrial countries, has a large selection of excellent developers who began to specialise in international projects with foreign clients many years ago.
And in countries like Germany software developers enjoy growing demand that cannot even be covered by the ever increasing number of IT graduates. This has led to a high level of rates and salaries for German software developers.
Skills shortage in software developers: India serves the excess demand
Frank-Jürgen Weise, head of the German Federal Employment Agency, estimates that there will be a lack of 7 million IT professionals on the German market by 2025 – although his estimate might be a bit high. However, other bodies have confirmed that the situation will worsen, such as official statistics from BITKOM, the German Association for Information Technology, Telecommunications and New Media, which represents both organisations and employers, as well as employee interests in IT.
While a year-long study concluded in November 2014 showed that there was a lack of 41,000 IT professionals on the German labour market, BITKOM reported there were already 43,000 positions for IT specialists in 2015. 17,500 of those related specifically to companies in the IT and communications sector (ITC). BITKOM asks over 1,500 business leaders and managers every year from companies in all branches for the representative survey.
The professions hit the hardest include application developers, experts in big data, cloud computing and IT security, as well as IT project managers.
BITKOM President Prof. Dieter Kempf has known about the existing “dangers of Outsourcing work abroad” for many years and has warned about it since. However, companies experienced a need for software developers have no other choice, and need to adapt to the situation as well as possible.
India – software developers from all areas
Companies that fight the skills shortage through targeted Outsourcing can save significantly. Software developers in India often offer their services at a fraction of the cost of their counterparts in Europe. You will not need to compromise on quality and professionalism, a fact that is shown in the large interest shown by IT corporations in Indian software developers.
Did you know that IBM employs more than 150,000 employees in India? Accenture has 80,000 and Oracle has more than 31,000 employees. Google also has more employees in India than in any other foreign location, and recently started a partnership with 30 Indian universities to educate an incredible two million Android developers in only three years.
How to find a software developer from India
If you are looking for an Indian software developer and are in new territory with software development Outsourcing, we can help you get started with our comprehensive approach. Outsourcing4work can organise an experienced Java, C/C++/C#, PHP, Python or any other kind of software developer for you.
But we don’t leave you alone once we have found you a software developer. As a European contract partner we also take over the responsibility for a professional implementation of your project. We use our own Agile/Scrum trained project managers who have many years of experience with Indian professionals and who will look after every detail of your project.
You can realise projects at a fixed price or on an hourly basis with us. You can also hire a complete team of Indian software developers who will work exclusively for you in India.
If you are looking for a software developer, this is no easy feat. Software developers are sought after in nearly every area of technology, and this demand leads to higher costs.
Software developers are usually hired straight out of university, and later belong to a profession that likes to choose its employers following exact criteria. This is especially true for the most popular programming languages.
The most software developers are wanted for these programming languages
The most widely used programming language in the world is C with its derivatives C++ and Visual C#. Operating systems such as Windows, Linux or Mac OS X are written for the most part in C, the language was also explicitly intended for the development of the system. C also allows for very low-level programming which the language predestines for powerful programs.
C++ allows object-oriented programming, as well as source text from templates, as extensions to create highly optimised programs.
Visual C# is an extension from Microsoft which can be used together with the .NET framework, and which supports the entire C syntax and also takes on concepts from Java, Haskell, C and Delphi.
Java is the most popular single programming language by far. Globally, more software developers are sought after for this language than any other. Java is used mainly on the internet in mobile apps, but also for games and multimedia applications. Java requires a stand-alone interpreter to run, the Java Virtual Machine, which is available for many platforms. The resulting platform independence makes Java especially attractive.
Python is the third most commonly used language after Java and the C derivatives. If a Python software developer is needed, the large flexibility of this programming language plays a role. Python is suitable for all kinds of programming and can be object-oriented, aspect oriented or used functionally. Python is used very often as a scripting language as well.
Indian software developers are cheaper
If you are looking for a software developer, but can’t find one with the right profile, then India might be the answer. IT is more suited to Outsourcing than almost any other area, and India has developed into a market leader over the last twenty five years. Far-sighted investments into technology friendly education, and the creation of excellent universities have produced tens of thousands of excellent software developers for every programming language.
Outsourcing4work has specialised in providing Indian software developers for many years, and can help you tap into this potential. Thanks to our extensive network of Indian partners, we have access to a large pool of software developers for every possible language, whether Java, C/C++/C#, PHP, Python or other languages. India offers the right expert for every need with our help.
Outsourcing4work provides temporary employees for fixed price projects, or a team that will work only for you for larger projects. With our project managers from Europe who specialise in Agile, Scrum and Kanban, we will take over the entire coordination. The contracts are concluded directly with us as a European company for your security.
Junior software developers charge significantly lower rates than experienced developers with many years of project experience. Senior developers are very expensive, but are also a must for complex software projects. However, a junior software developer can enrich a team in many important ways with new ideas and knowledge which is especially up to date.
Junior software developers need good leadership
Programming is a craft that can only be learned very well through hand-on experience in actual projects. Important basics are taught at universities, and first experiences are gathered through sample projects. This only partially prepares a developer for everyday work in the private sector.
In the first two to three years at work a junior software developer will therefore add to their knowledge as part of a larger team, and is looked after and guided by their colleagues. At the start a junior software developer will be given more simple tasks and will eventually graduate to more complex topics, until they have completed their first development cycle in a team.
This also includes learning collaboration tools and project management methods such as Agile and Scrum, which in addition to traditional programming work, includes a large element of self-appraisal, research, communication, time management and problem solving strategies.
A junior software developer then grows into the role of intermediate or experienced software developer and can work flexibly and independently as a part of a team of developers. When and if a person becomes a senior developer is a question of time and demand.
Senior developers see the big picture
In contrast to a junior software developer, a senior developer has no difficulty taking over the main role in a software project. Thanks to many years of work in various projects and roles a senior developer knows the entire developement cycle very well, including all the usual technical problems.
They can take care of the software design, as well as any difficult tasks which require a high level of expertise. They know different languages, programming techniques and frameworks very well, and can use this knowledge very efficiently.
The largest difference to a junior software developer is that they can more realistically assess the opportunities and weakness of a specific method, and are also very well versed in time planning. They do not promise too much and pay attention to simplicity, stability and future orientation during software design. Instead of producing mass code, they find clean code, software testing and good documentation very important. They know where or who can find the solution to a problem.
Senior or junior: software developers from India are cheaper
If you are looking for a senior or junior software developer at low rates, India is available as an IT Outsourcing market. Outsourcing4work has specialised in providing Indian software developers for many years, and is happy to help you harness this potential for yourself.
We have an extensive network of Indian partners for every programming language – Java, C/C++/C#, PHP, Python or other developers can be found easily for you. In addition to temporary employees, we also provide software developers for projects at a fixed price or, on request, complete teams who work exclusively for you. Our projects managers from Europe who are specialised in Agile, Scrum and Kanban will ensure efficient implementation. The contracts are concluded directly with us as a European company for your security.
Java is the most popular programming language by far. Outsourcing Java development is especially easy, as there are millions of these qualified experts.
Most companies use Java Outsourcing to save costs, because Java developers receive high salaries. According to a regularly published comparative analysis from Gooroo Insights, Java developers receive an average salary of 90,000 US dollars in a global comparison. They even earn slightly more than the just as equally sought after C++, C and C# developers.
There are a few factors to consider in Java Outsourcing, as not every Java developer is specialised in the same areas.
Java Outsourcing: which type of Java software do you need?
Thanks to its versatile available runtime environments (Java Runtime Environment), Java is very flexible. Unlike applications which are native and run on a specific system, the runtime environment is an intermediary to run the program code.
A Java application can theoretically be run on Windows, Mac, Desktop Linux, smartphones, televisions and many other devices with Linux cores, as long as they do not require any special hardware.
Nevertheless, special additional knowledge is needed for specific app types, and this is what you should look at when Java Outsourcing!
Depending on whether you are looking for Java web applications, Java applets, Java desktop applications or mobile Java apps, a Java developer will be more or less suitable. Therefore, you should check if the Java developer is experienced in the respective field and can provide references.
Java Outsourcing: finished product or collaboration?
It is also important to know if you need complete Java Outsourcing, or only need one Java specialist to expand an existing team of developers. In the latter case the Java development environment used can also play a role in ensuring that nothing will stand in the way of hassle-free cooperation of all Java developers involved. Development environments refer to packages with multiple development tools which are perfectly matched – a text editor, compiler, interpreter, linker and debugger, to name a few.
Depending on the application and personal preference, the Java developer will usually use one of the following Java development environments: Eclipse, NetBeans, IntelliJ IDEA, JBuilder, Xcode, BlueJ, Android Studio, Enide Studio, JEdit, jGRASP, JSource, JDeveloper or DrJava.
If you need a Java professional to develop an app for Android, you should not use one specialised in Mac OS X or Windows, but instead use a developer with Android experience.
India: Java Outsourcing at low rates
Outsourcing4work will knowledgeably answer all of your questions. Thanks to Java Outsourcing to India we can offer you great cost advantages in comparison to a European Java Outsourcing provider. At the same time you will still benefit from the professionalism of a European company!
We provide individual Java developers or entire teams in India who will realise your software projects affordably. Depending on what fits you best, you can choose between Java Outsourcing on a temporary basis, or as a project at a fixed price. You can also have your own team in India with a branch (light). Our European project managers ensure optimal communication with the Indian partner throughout the project.
Java software developers can be used in many applications. Java is platform-independent object-oriented programming language, and is therefore used for applications on almost all operating systems. This includes not only Windows, Mac and desktop Linux, but also smartphones, TVs and many other devices on which a Linux spin-off is used.
Java software developers stick to specific implementation during development that is compatible with the final run time environment. The software company Oracle offers such run time environments for many operating systems, without which the Java programming code cannot be run.
Java software developers are versatile
There are five main types of Java applications that a Java software developer can program.
Java desktop applications are ordinary programs that require a Java run-time environment to be executed. A well-known example of a Java desktop application is the popular computer game Minecraft.
Java applets run mini-programs that are embedded in web pages with your web browser. The Java plug-in provided by Oracle for the major browsers is required to run. The programming is simpler than for Java web applications, because Java software developers need to create a server component and a browser component at the same time.
Java apps are usually found on smartphones, tablets and other mobile devices. Usually Java Micro Edition (Java ME) is used as a run-time environment.
The high rates for a Java developer
An end user usually does not realise that Java is in use, except for the well-known plug-in for web browsers. It may surprise many that Java is the most used programming language. According to statistics from the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), the world’s leading professional organisation for software developers, Java is the most popular programming language worldwide. A Java developer is therefore not an exotic species, and can be found all over the globe.
But this does not mean that a Java developer is cheap. The high supply is met by an equally large demand. According to the monthly comparison analysis by Gooroo Insights, a worldwide comparison shows that a Java developer earns an average of around 90,000 US dollars. This is even slightly more than the equally sought after C++, C and C# developers.
Indian Java developers are more affordable
Instead of looking for an expensive Java developer in Europe, more and more companies are taking advantage of the large supply of highly skilled Java developers from India.
Outsourcing4work will help you take advantage of this enormous potential. We provide individual Java developers or entire teams in India who will realise your software projects affordably. Depending on the scope of your project, you can hire a temporary software developer, dedicated employees or a branch (light) of your own team in India. If you would like to develop a complete Java project in India at a fixed price, this is also possible.
As a European contract partner, we take on the responsibility for the successful implementation, and our project managers ensure problem-free communication with our Indian partners.